Is Gulf War Syndrome neurological or psychosomatic? Although Gulf War Syndrome (GWS) or Gulf War Illness (GWI ) might be treated as a psychological illness, this may not be a mental health issue. New information indicates that Gulf War Syndrome is a physical ailment caused by nerve gas exposure and other toxic environments. Veterans of Iraq and Afghanistan, along with Persian Gulf vets, may suffer debilitating and chronic conditions, such as fatigue, muscle pain, cognitive issue, rashes, etc.
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